Lesson fourteen

14.1     Active Voice

A verb is in active voice when the subject of the sentence performs the action.


Our teacher punished us for making noise in class.

Subject          action

Players arrived for their first match early in the morning.

Subject             action

In the above sentences, the subject is who performed the action. Hence, the verbs of these sentences are in active voice. 

14.2     Passive voice

The word passive means “acted upon”. When the subject of the sentence receives the action or expresses the result of the action, the verb is in passive voice


We were punished by the teacher for making noise.

Subject                        action

He was helped by a passer-by.

Subject                        action

In the above sentences the subjects we and he receive the action.


When we do not know who or what did the action, or when we do not want to say who or what did it, we use the passive voice.

The passive form of a verb consists of some form of be plus the past participle.


Active                                                 Passive

            Baabu explored the sea.                      The sea was explored by Baabu.

Be + past participle


     The captain helped him.                      He was helped by the captain.

Be+past participle

14.3`    Exercise 14

Write the verbs from the following sentences and then label each one Active or


  1. The guest of honour presented prizes to the best
  2. The cattle were taken home by the herders.
  3. The health officer ordered the slaughter house
  4. Peace and order has been restored in the area by the youth
  5. The workers cleared the
  6. The crop was harvested by the hired
  7. The government stressed the importance of unity among
  8. The farmers were urged to redouble their efforts in food
  9. The KIE is developing support materials for the 8-4-4 system of
  10. A fishing pond was started by the Wildlife Club in the